Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014, Page: 104-111
Soluble Poly (Methyl Methacrylate) Composites Containing Covalently Associated Zirconium Dioxide Nanocrystals
Natalia Yevlampieva, Faculty of Physics, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Alexander Bugrov, Faculty of Chemistry, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia; Institute of Macromolecular Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Tatiana Anan’eva, Institute of Macromolecular Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Mikhail Antipov, Faculty of Physics, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Evgeny Ryumtsev, Faculty of Physics, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Received: Sep. 26, 2014;       Accepted: Oct. 10, 2014;       Published: Dec. 16, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.nano.20140205.13      View  2336      Downloads  163
Abstract
Well soluble composite samples of poly(methyl methacrylate) containing hybrid nanoparticles with covalently associated ZrO2 nanocrystals of an average size of (20±5) nm have been studied by light scattering, viscometry and absorption spectroscopy methods in diluted solutions. Composites were synthesized by two ways: in situ bulk polymerization of methyl methacrylate in a presence of ZrO2, and by polymerization of methyl methacrylate in toluene solution with the dispersed ZrO2 nanocrystals. Surface of ZrO2 was preliminary chemically modified by γ-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl methacrylate in both cases. Weight fraction of ZrO2 in composite samples was varied in the range 1-3 %. Solution properties of composite polymers revealed that a way of monomer polymerization (in bulk or in solution) affect the type of the produced polymer-inorganic hybrids. Sphere like “core-shell” nanoparticles with a single ZrO2 nanocrystal as a core are mainly formed when polymerization in solution is carried out. Under the conditions of in situ bulk polymerization the organic-inorganic particles of significantly larger size with the irregular number of associated ZrO2 nanocrystals are produced. The size of hybrid nanoparticles in composite samples was determined. Transmission electron microscopy was applied to visualize the difference of ZrO2 distribution in thin films of the both type composite samples.
Keywords
Organic-Inorganic Composites, Hybrid Nanoparticles, PMMA, ZrO2
To cite this article
Natalia Yevlampieva, Alexander Bugrov, Tatiana Anan’eva, Mikhail Antipov, Evgeny Ryumtsev, Soluble Poly (Methyl Methacrylate) Composites Containing Covalently Associated Zirconium Dioxide Nanocrystals, American Journal of Nano Research and Applications. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 104-111. doi: 10.11648/j.nano.20140205.13
Reference
[1]
D. Vollath, “Nanomaterials: An introduction to Synthesis, Properties and Applications”, 2d ed., New York: Wiley, 2008, 386 pp.
[2]
S. Pavlidou and C.D. Papaspyrides, “A review on polymer–layered silicate nanocomposites”, Progress in Polymer Science, 2008, vol. 33, pp. 1119-1198.
[3]
K. Friedrich, S. Fakirov and Z. Zhang, “Polymer Nanocomposites: From Nano- to Macro-scale”, New York: Springer, 2005, 367 pp.
[4]
V.E. Yudin and V.M. Svetlichnyi, “Effect of the structure and shape of filler nanoparticles on the physical properties of polyimide composites”, Russian J. General Chem. , 2010, vol. 80, pp. 2157-2169.
[5]
S. M. Khaled, R. Sui, A. Paul, P.A. Charpentier and A.S. Rizkalla, “Synthesis of TiO2−PMMA Nanocomposite:  Using Methacrylic Acid as a Coupling Agent”, Langmuir, 2007, vol. 23, pp. 3988-3995.
[6]
P. Obreja , D. Cristea, V.S. Teodorescu, A. Dinescu, A.C. Obreja, F. Comanescu and R. Rebigan, “ Preparation and patterning of nanoscale hybrid materials for micro-optics”, 2010, vol. 12, pp. 2007-2013.
[7]
A.N. Bugrov, E.N. Vlasova, M.V. Mokeev, E.N. Popova, E.M. Ivankova, O.V. Almjasheva and V.M. Svetlichnyi, “Distribution of zirconia nanoparticles in the matrix of poly(4,4′-oxydiphenylenepyromellitimide)”, Polym.Sci. Ser. B., 2012, vol. 54, pp. 486-495.
[8]
S. Shokoohi, A. Arefazar and R. Khorsokhavar, “Silane Coupling Agents in Polymer-based Reinforced Composites: A Review”, J. Reinf. Plast. Comp.2008, vol. 27, pp. 473-485.
[9]
Y. Hu, S. Zhou and L. Wu, ” Surface mechanical properties of transparent poly(methyl methacrylate)/zirconia nanocomposites prepared by in situ bulk polymerization”, Polymer, 2009, vol. 50, pp.3609-3616.
[10]
T. Otsuka and Y. Chujo, ”Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-based hybrid materials with reactive zirconium oxide nanocrystals”, Polymer J., 2010, vol. 42, pp. 58-65.
[11]
A.N. Bugrov, “Polymer-inorganic composites based on carbo- and heterochain polymers modified by ZrO2 nanoparticles”, PhD Thesis, St.Petersburg , 2013.
[12]
O.V. Pozhidaeva, E.N. Korytkova and D.P. Romanov, “ Formation of ZrO2 Nanocrystals in Hydrothermal Media of Various Chemical Compositions”. Russian J. General Chem. 2002, vol. 72, pp. 849-853.
[13]
A. Ya. Malkin and A.E. “Diffusion and viscosity of polymers. Measurements methods” Moscow: Chemistry, 1979, 304 pp.
[14]
V.N. Tsvetkov, “Rigid-chain polymers: Hydrodynamic and Optical properties in solution”, New York: Consultants Bureau, 1989, 397 pp.
[15]
B. J. Berneand R. Pecora, “Dynamic Light Scattering“, New-York : Courier Dover Publication, 2000, 376 pp.
[16]
http://photocor.com/dynals/
[17]
N.V. Agrinskaja, E.G. Guk, I.A. Kudrjavtsev and O.G. Ljublinskaja, “Spectral study of polydiacethylene-THD in PMMA matrix”, Phys. Solid State, 1995, vol. 37,pp. 969-975.
[18]
S. Okabe, S. Sugihara, S. Aoshima, and M. Shibayama, “Heat-Induced Self-Assembling of Thermosensitive Block Copolymer.Rheology and Dynamic Light Scattering”, Macromolecules, 2003, vol.36, pp. 4099-4106.
[19]
M. Shibayama, T. Karino and S. Okabe, “ Distribution analysis of multy-model dynamic light scattering data”, Polymer, 2006, vol. 47,pp. 6446-6456.
[20]
C. Wu, M. Siddiq and K. F. Woo,” Laser Light-Scattering Characterization of a polymer Mixture Made of Individual Linear Chain and Clusters”, Macromolecules, 1995, vol.. 28, pp. 4914-4919.
[21]
Y. Zhang, C. Wu, Q. Fang and Y.-X. Zhang, “A Light-Scattering Study of the Aggregation Behavior of Fluorocarbon-Modified Polyacrylamides in Water”, Macromolecules, 1996, vol. 29, pp. 2494-2497.
[22]
C. Wu, S. Bo, M. Siddiq, G. Yang and T. Chen, “Laser Light-Scattering Study of Novel Thermoplastics. 2. Phenolphthalein Poly(ether sulfone)” Macromolecules, 1996, vol. 29, pp. 3157-3160.
[23]
E.A. Litmanovich and E.M. Ivleva, “The problem of bimodal distributions in dynamic light scattering: Theory and experiment”, Polym. Sci. Ser. A., 2010, vol. 52, pp. 671-678.
[24]
A.A. Mercurieva, T.M. Birshtein and V. M. Amoskov , “Theory of Liquid-crystalline ordering in polymer brushes” , Macromol. Symp., 2007, vol. 252, pp. 90-100.
[25]
S.N. Chinai, J.D. Matlack, A.L. Resnick and R.J. Samuels, “Poly(methyl methacrylate): Dilute solution properties by viscosity and light scattering”, J. Polym. Sci., 1955, vol.17, pp. 391-401.
Browse journals by subject